India’s Foreign Policy -Jawaharlal Nehru English ebook pdf
Nehru foreign policy of India ebook pdf
Preface of India’s Foreign Policy book–
This volume has been planned to meet the need for finding in one place the main lines of Indian’s foreign policy. No better method be adopted than to present it in the words of the country’s principal spokesman. The material has been selected from the official record of the Prime Minister’s speeches and statements in Parlament replies at Press conferences and address elsewhere both in India and abroad.
They cover a period of 15 years from September 1946, when the interim Government was established as the first step in the transfer of power to April 1961. The majority of the speeches and addresses have been extempore. In the case of a few translations from the original Hindi have been used.
The speeches are grouped into thirteen sections. The first ten outline the basic concepts of the Indian’s foreign policy independence of thought and action, opposition to colonialism and racialism, and the need for peaceful co-existence. They also trace the evolution of specific policies, in consonance with these concepts to meet emerging situations. The last three sections deal with Indian’s relations with individual countries in Asia and Africa, Europe and America. The countries have been listed in alphabetical order and the arrangement of speeches and addresses within each section is chronological. The book is selective and not exhaustive.
Nehru foreign policy of India:-
This volume unfolds the story of India’s foreign policy in the words of Jawaharlal Nehru, who has given it the present shape. He emphasizes, however, that this policy is not of his own making, but is rooted in her geography, history, and culture, as well as the manner in which she attained freedom under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. He also points out that the emergence of India from long dependence into freedom is of major significance to Asia and to the struggle for freedom elsewhere.
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The underlying theme of the book is freedom, peace, and the unity of the world. Peace is indispensable for India and the other countries of Asia and Africa for fulfilling their urgent task of securing better living standards and opportunities of growth for their people.
For this reason and because of her schooling in non-violence, India stands for co-existence and opposes war, which, in the nuclear age, would be fatal to mankind. “Peace has been said to be indivisible, so is freedom, so is prosperity now, and so also is disaster.” If India keeps herself away from power blocs and military alliances, she is, nevertheless, second to none in her love of liberty. “Where freedom is menaced or justice threatened or where aggression takes place, we cannot and shall not be neutral.”
The speeches go beyond a mere exposition of India’s foreign policy, they are the thoughts of a man whose quest is peace and the well-being of mankind.
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